Digging into life's garden with Olivia:
Livelihood + Self Determination
Food sovereignty is an agricultural movement that encompasses challenges of ecology, society/culture, politics, and economy. The movement fights against the shifting values of the food system that is moving towards unnatural, cheap, and nonlocal food. The formal definition of Food Sovereignty is: the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.
Food sovereignty goes beyond just having enough food for all, but also addresses the right people have to make decisions about their food system. This movement asserts that the current food system is broken and is operated by large corporations that control the entire production and sale of food. This causes many social problems, such as unfair pricing and distribution as well as ecological problems caused by large-scale production, mono-cropping, and inefficient water-use. The current food system takes the basic food needs of human and privatizes that food to be sold as a commodity, when it should be a common source of life for all.
This control from a few big businesses that produce huge and cheap crop yields drives out the smaller, local and ecologically friendly farmers, leaving them unable to earn a living. Without local control of the food system, many times both local farmers and consumers are left in poverty and hunger. As well as the people, the environmental health is being compromised by unsustainable farming practices.
Food as a community not a commodity
The movement's goal is to redistribute the control into the hands of the locals so that the community’s overall (nutritional, ecological, political, and economic) health can benefit and be tailored to the needs of the people in a given community. This idea eliminates exploitation of people and the land and gives power and justice to the people of the community.
Food Sovereignty is a global movement that is picking up followers from all over to fight against problems caused by the global food system. Below is a link from Grassroots International of a booklet of farmers and activists devoting their life to promoting food sovereignty and change.